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意大利语语法:意大利语名词复数

2013-11-08 23:16:01  来源: 意大利语 
意大利语语法:意大利语名词复数

When forming the plural of Italian nouns, the vowel endings change to indicate a change in number. For regular masculine nouns that end in -o, the ending changes to -i in the plural.

The table below includes a few nouns to start with:

PLURAL FORMS OF ITALIAN MASCULINE NOUNS ENDING IN -O

SINGULAR

PLURAL

ENGLISH

fratello

fratelli

brothers

libro

libri

books

nonno

nonni

grandfather

ragazzo

ragazzi

boys

vino

vini

wine

Regular feminine nouns that end in -a take on -e endings in the plural.

PLURAL FORMS OF ITALIAN FEMININE NOUNS ENDING IN -A

SINGULAR

PLURAL

ENGLISH

casa

case

houses

penna

penne

pens

pizza

pizze

pizzas

ragazza

ragazze

girls

sorella

sorelle

sisters

When forming the plural of nouns ending in a consonant, such as words of foreign origin, only the article changes: il film/i film; la photo/le photo. Here are some exceptions to the rule for forming feminine plurals:

  • Feminine-noun ending -ea changes to -ee in the plural. For example: dea/dee (goddess/goddesses).
  • Feminine-noun ending -ca changes to -che in the plural. For example: amica/amiche (friend/friends). Remember that -che is pronounced as "keh" in Italian.

Finally, be aware that some nouns end in -e. The plural forms of these nouns will end in -i (regardless of whether these nouns are masculine or feminine).

PLURAL FORMS OF ITALIAN NOUNS ENDING IN -E

SINGULAR

PLURAL

ENGLISH

bicchiere

bicchieri

(wine) glass

chiave

chiavi

keys

fiume

fiumi

rivers

frase

frasi

phrases

padre

padri

fathers


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