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意大利语语法:意大利语现在完成时

2013-11-08 23:15:55  来源: 意大利语 
 意大利语语法:意大利语现在完成时

The passato prossimo—grammatically referred to as the present perfect—is a compound tense (tempo composto) that expresses a fact or action that happened in the recent past or that occurred long ago but still has ties to the present.

Here are a few examples of how the passato prossimo appears in Italian:

Ho appena chiamato. (I just called.)

Mi sono iscritto all'università quattro anni fa. (I entered the university four years ago.)

Questa mattina sono uscito presto. (This morning I left early.)

Il Petrarca ha scritto sonetti immortali. (Petrarca wrote enduring sonnets.)

The following table lists some adverbial expressions that are often used with the passato prossimo:

COMMON ADVERBIAL EXPRESSIONS

ieri

yesterday

ieri pomeriggio

yesterday afternoon

ieri sera

last night

il mese scorso

last month

l'altro giorno

the other day

stamani

this morning

tre giorni fa

three days ago


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