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意大利语语法:意大利语不规则过去分词

2013-11-08 23:15:47  来源: 意大利语 

Many verbs in Italian, especially the -ere verbs, have irregular past participles. A list of some of the most common infinitives, along with a sample variation, as well as their past participle forms, appears in the table below.

IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES

INFINITIVE

PAST PARTICIPLE

VARIATION ON THE INFINITIVE

PAST PARTICIPLE

accendere

acceso

riaccendere

riacceso

chiedere

chiesto

richiedere

richiesto

chiudere

chiuso

racchiudere

racchiuso

cogliere

colto

raccogliere

raccolto

cuocere

cotto

stracuocere

stracotto

dire

detto

predire

predetto

dividere

diviso

condividere

condiviso

fare

fatto

strafare

strafatto

leggere

letto

rileggere

riletto

porre

posto

fraporre

fraposto

reggere

retto

correggere

corretto

rispondere

risposto

corrispondere

corrisposto

rompere

rotto

corrompere

corrotto

scegliere

scelto

prescegliere

prescelto

scrivere

scritto

riscrivere

riscritto

trarre

tratto

ritrarre

ritratto

vincere

vinto

convincere

convinto

volgere

volto

rivolgere

rivolto

The irregular past participles of many groups of verbs have repeating patterns. For example, the past participle of any verb that ends in -mettere will also end in -messo:

ammettere (to admit, to allow in, to let in)—ammesso

commettere (to commit, to commission)—commesso

dimettere (to dismiss, to remove)—dimesso

omettere (to omit, to leave out)—omesso

rimettere (to remit, to refer)—rimesso

Once you recognize the patterns, you'll be on your way to rapidly becoming an esperto of Italian verbs!


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