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意大利语语法:Passato Remoto

2013-11-08 23:15:43  来源: 意大利语 

The remote past tense (passato remoto) is a simple tense and is formed by one word. In general, it refers to the historical past or to events that have happened in the distant past relative to the speaker.

Follow this format to form the passato remoto of regular verbs. For -are verbs, drop the infinitive ending and add one of these personal endings to the root: -ai, -asti, -ò, -ammo, -aste, -arono.

CONJUGATING PARLARE IN THE REMOTE PAST

PERSON

SINGULAR

PLURAL

I

(io) parlai

(noi) parlammo

II

(tu) parlasti

(voi) parlaste

III

(lui, lei, Lei) parlò

(loro, Loro) parlarono

For -ere verbs, drop the infinitive ending and add these personal endings to the root: -ei, -esti, -é, -emmo, -este, -erono. Note that many regular -ere verbs have an alternative form in the first person singular, third person singular, and third person plural forms.

CONJUGATING RICEVERE IN THE REMOTE PAST

PERSON

SINGULAR

PLURAL

I

(io) ricevei (ricevetti)

(noi) ricevemmo

II

(tu) ricevesti

(voi) riceveste

III

(lui, lei, Lei) ricevé (ricevette)

(loro, Loro) riceverono (ricevettero)

For -ire verbs, drop the infinitive ending and add these personal endings to the root: -ii, -isti, -í, -immo, -iste, -irono.

CONJUGATING CAPIRE IN THE REMOTE PAST

PERSON

SINGULAR

PLURAL

I

(io) capii

(noi) capimmo

II

(tu) capisti

(voi) capiste

III

(lui, lei, Lei) capí

(loro, Loro) capirono

Here are a few examples of how the remote past is used in Italian:

Dante si rifugiò a Ravenna. (Dante took refuge in Ravenna.)

Petrarca morì nel 1374. (Petrarca died in 1374.)

Michelangelo nacque nel 1475. (Michelangelo was born in 1475.)


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