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意大利语语法:意大利语现在虚拟式

2013-11-08 23:15:40  来源: 意大利语 

Language is fluid, and usage changes. A case in point is the subjunctive (il congiuntivo), which in English is rapidly becoming extinct. Phrases like "I suggest you go home immediately" and "Robert wishes that you open the window" are not in frequent use anymore.

In Italian, though, the subjunctive tense is alive and flourishing, both in speaking and writing. Rather than stating facts, it expresses doubt, possibility, uncertainty, or personal feelings. It can also express emotion, desire, or suggestions. The table below provides examples of three regular verbs conjugated in the present subjunctive tense.

PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE

PRONOUN

-ARE VERB

-ERE VERB

-IRE VERBS

che io

parli

scriva

senta

capisca

che tu

parli

scriva

senta

capisca

che lui/lei/Lei

parli

scriva

senta

capisca

che noi

parliamo

scriviamo

sentiamo

capiamo

che voi

parliate

scriviate

sentiate

capiate

che loro/Loro

parlino

scrivano

sentano

capiscano

Typical phrases that call for the subjunctive tense include:

Credo che... (I believe that...)

Suppongo che... (I suppose that...)

Immagino che... (I imagine that...)

È necessario che... (It is necessary that...)

Mi piace che... (I'd like that...)

Non vale la pena che... (It's not worth it that...)

Non suggerisco che... (I'm not suggesting that...)

Può darsi che... (It's possible that...)

Penso che... (I think that...)

Non sono certo che... (I'm not sure that...)

È probabile che... (It is probable that...)

Ho l'impressione che... (I have the impression that...)

Certain verbs such as suggerire (to suggest), sperare (to hope), desiderare (to wish), and insistere (to insist) require use of the subjunctive.


From:http://www.dbfei.com/Article/yidaliyu/201311/7708.html
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