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意大利语语法:Condizionale Presente

2013-11-08 23:15:37  来源: 意大利语 

The present conditional tense (condizionale presente) is equivalent to the English constructions of "would" + verb (for example: I would never forget). Forming conditionals is easy: just take any verb, drop the final -e in its infinitive form, and add an appropriate ending—endings are the same for all three conjugation groups of verbs. The only spelling change occurs with -are verbs, which change the a of the infinitive ending to e. For details, see the table below.

CONJUGATING VERBS IN THE PRESENT CONDITIONAL

PRONOUN

PARLARE

CREDERE

SENTIRE

io

parlerei

crederei

sentirei

tu

parleresti

crederesti

sentiresti

lui/lei/Lei

parlerebbe

crederebbe

sentirebbe

noi

parleremmo

crederemmo

sentiremmo

voi

parlereste

credereste

sentireste

loro/Loro

parlerebbero

crederebbero

sentirebbero

Reflexive verbs follow the same scheme, with the addition of the reflexive pronouns mi, ti, si, ci, vi, or si when conjugating them: mi laverei, ti laveresti, si laverebbe, ci laveremmo, vi lavereste, si laverebbero. Here are some examples of conditional-tense sentences:

Vorrei un caffè. (I would like a coffee.)

Scriverei a mia madre, ma non ho tempo. (I would write to my mother, but I don't have time.)

Mi daresti il biglietto per la partita? (Would you give me a ticket for the game?)


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