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意大利语语法:意大利语一般命令式

2013-11-08 23:15:25  来源: 意大利语 

Need to tell your teacher, supervisor, or the Italian prime minister to do something? Use the subjunctive form of the verb to form the formal commands. The table below contains some examples of formal commands.

FORMAL COMMANDS

INFINITIVE

LEI

LORO

cantare

Canti!

Cantino!

dormire

Dorma!

Dormano!

finire

Finisca!

Finiscano!

parlare

Parli!

Parlino!

partire

Parta!

Partano!

pulire

Pulisca!

Puliscano!

scrivere

Scriva!

Scrivano!

vendere

Venda!

Vendano!

Some of the verbs have irregular stem changes in the io form. Sometimes, this form is used to construct the imperatives of Lei and Loro.

FORMAL COMMANDS: VERBS WITH STEM CHANGES

INFINITIVE

PRESENT-INDICATIVE FORM OF IO

IMPERATIVE FORM OF LEI

IMPERATIVE FORM OF LORO

andare (to walk)

vado

Vada!

Vadano!

apparire (to appear)

appaio

Appaia!

Appaiano!

bere (to drink)

bevo

Beva!

Bevano!

cogliere (to pick, to pluck)

colgo

Colga!

Colgano!

dire (to say, to tell)

dico

Dica!

Dicano!

fare (to make)

faccio

Faccia!

Facciano!

porre (to place, to put down)

pongo

Ponga!

Pongano!

rimanere (to stay, to remain)

rimango

Rimanga!

Rimangano!

salire (to climb)

salgo

Salga!

Salgano!

scegliere (to choose, to pick)

scelgo

Scelga!

Scelgano!

sedere (to sit down)

siedo

Sieda!

Siedano!

suonare (to play a musical instrument)

suono

Suoni!

Suonino!

tradurre (to translate)

traduco

Traduca!

Traducano!

trarre (to draw, to pull)

traggo

Tragga!

Traggano!

udire (to listen)

odo

Oda!

Odano!

uscire (to exit)

esco

Esca!

Escano!

venire (to come)

vengo

Venga!

Vengano!

Finally, some verbs have irregular formal command forms that are not based on any present-indicative forms, and which you will have to memorize. These verbs are listed below.

FORMAL COMMANDS: IRREGULAR VERBS

INFINITIVE

LEI

LORO

avere

Abbia!

Abbiano!

dare

Dia!

Diano!

essere

Sia!

Siano!

sapere

Sappia!

Sappiano!

stare

Stia!

Stiano

Note that the same form of the verb is used for the negative formal commands.


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