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意大利语发音:意大利语双辅音

2013-11-08 23:04:55  来源: 意大利语 
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In Italian, all consonants except h can be doubled. Double consonants (i consonanti doppie) are pronounced much more forcefully than single consonants. With double f, l, m, n, r, s, and v, the sound is prolonged; with double b, c, d, g, p, and t, the stop is stronger than for the single consonant. Double z is pronounced almost the same as single z. Double s is always unvoiced.

Double consonant examples:

Italian English babbo dad fetta slice evviva hurrah bistecca beefsteak mamma mama albicocca apricot bello beautiful filetto filet anno year assai a lot basso short ragazzo boy ferro iron pennello paint brush espresso espresso coffee tavolozza palette spaghetti spaghetti cavalletto easel

Most Italian words end in a vowel.

Diphthongs (i dittonghi) are two vowels fused to emit a single sound. A diphthong is formed when an unstressed i or u combines with another vowel (a, e, o) or when the two vowels combine with each other, in which case either the i or u may remain unstressed. In diphthongs, unstressed i and u become semivowels approximating in sound the English consonants y and w, respectively.

Diphthong examples:

Italian English ieri yesterday buono good fiore flower chiuso closed invidia envy più more

Tripthongs also exist. These are sequences of three vowels with a single sound, usually a diphthong followed by an unstressed i.

Italian English tuoi yours miei mine buoi oxen pigliai I took

Italian has numerous words that contain sequences of vowels. The following words are not triphthongs (which are infrequent), but sequences of a vowel and a diphthong.

Italian English noia boredom febbraio February baia bay fioraio florist

Each of the words below has a sequence of two diphthongs:

Italian English ghiaia gravel muoio I die acquaio sink gioiello jewel


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