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葡萄牙语语法之名词

2013-11-08 23:28:16  来源: 葡萄牙语 
Gender

Nouns have two genders:

masculine (singular indefinite/definite article um / o)

feminine (singular indefinite/definite article uma / a)
Some nouns (professions, persons, animals) have both masculine and feminine form (E.g. a amiga and o amigo, a irmã (sister), o irmão (brother)).

Masculine

Usually words ending in -o are masculine.

Words ending in -ão are exceptions.

Feminine

Usually words ending in -a are feminine.

Exceptions are words borrowed from Greek (-ema, -ama and -oma, e.g. um telegrama, um sistema) and professions
(um jornalista ).

Words ending in -ção, -são, -stão or -gião are feminine (e.g. a televisão)

Words ending in -dade, -gem, -ie or -tude are feminine (uma mensagem, uma cidade)
From:http://www.dbfei.com/Article/putaoyayu/201311/8413.html
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