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葡萄牙语语法之入门语法

2013-11-08 23:28:16  来源: 葡萄牙语 
1. The Portuguese Alphabet

A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V X Z
The Portuguese alphabet consists of 23 letters (18 consonants and 5 vowels).

The letters K, W and Y do not belong to the Portuguese alphabet, but they can be used in names (Wagner/Wilson/Yara/Amaury) or with international terms (kg/km/watt, etc.).

Remark: It is important to know how to pronounce the alphabet as sometimes you have to spell your name or ask people to spell something for you.

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2. Pronunciation Guide

The comparison with English words should help you pronounce the words correctly in Portuguese. Please note that not every sound can be reproduced in written form.

LETTER PORTUGUESE MEANING SOUND

ENGLISH

A aluno

student

sounds like [a]

father

alemã German nasal sound

--  

B bala candy sounds like [b] bay C casa house ca/co/cu sounds like [k] key cedo early ce/ci sounds like [s] city Ç moça young woman ça/ço/çu sounds like [s] city CH cheque check sounds like [sh]

she

D data date sounds like [d] day E letra, você letter, you sounds like [e] them leite milk sounds like [ee] at the end, if unstressed cheese festa, café

party, coffee

sounds like [e] bed F faca knife

sounds like [f]

for G gato cat ga/go/gu sounds like [g] get gelo ice ge/gi sounds like [g] beige GU água water gua/guo sounds like [gw] Nicaragua português Portuguese gue/gui sounds like [g] get liniça sausage güe/güi sounds like [gw] Nicaragua H hotel hotel h is always silent, except for borrowed words such as hall, hobby, etc. -- I camisa shirt

sounds like [ea]

meat J

jornal

newspaper sounds like [g] beige L laranja orange la/le/li/lo/lu sounds like [l]

like

Brasil Brazil al/el/il/ol/ul sounds like [w] few LH trabalho work sounds like [ll] million M mapa map sounds like [m] more bom good sounds between m and n, similar to the French word bon -- N nada

nothing

sounds like [n] no conta bill sounds like [n] contract NH amanhã tomorrow

sounds like [ng], similar to the French words Avignon and champagne

-- O bonito, avô pretty, grandfather sounds like [o] know livro book sounds like [w or o] at the end, if unstressed boo/know moda, avó fashion, grandmother sounds like [aw] law P pato duck sounds like [p] pie Q quase almost qua/quo sounds like [kw] quick aqui here que/qui sounds like [k] key cinenta fifty qüe/qüi sounds like [kw] quick R recibo receipt similar to [h] sound holiday honra honor similar to [h] sound, if preceded by n holiday carta letter sounds like [r], similar to the English or French r morning or jour caro expensive similar to [r] sound Mary RR carro car similar to [h] sound holiday S sopa soup at the beginning sounds like [s] sea cansado tired if preceded by l/n/r sounds like [s] sea inglês English after vowels sounds like [s] must casa house between vowels sounds like [z] zero SC piscina swimming pool

sce/sci sounds like [s]

sea dea go down sça/sço sounds like [s] sea SS assado roasted sounds like [s] sea T tomate tomato sounds like [t] top U uva grape sounds like [w] boo V você you sounds like [v] verb Xxico Mexico sounds like [sh] she caixa box/cashier after ai/ei sounds like [sh] she táxi taxi sounds like [ks] taxi próximo next sounds like [s] city excelente excellent exce/exci sounds like [s] city texto text excl/exp/ext sounds like [s] must exame exam exa/exe/exi/exo/exu sounds like [z] zero Z zero zero before a vowel sounds like [z] zero feliz happy after a vowel sounds like [s] must
Remark: The letter x has several different pronunciations.
From:http://www.dbfei.com/Article/putaoyayu/201311/8412.html
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