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德语语法:不可分动词前缀有哪些?

2013-11-08 22:27:12  来源: 德语 
Inseparable Prefixes
Untrennbare Präfixe
Prefix Meaning Examples be- like English be-

makes verb take a direct object (acc.)
s. befinden (be located)
befolgen (follow)
befreunden (befriend)
begegnen (meet)
bekommen (get)
bemerken (notice, remark)
emp- sense, receive empfangen (receive)
empfehlen (recommend)
empfinden (feel) ent- away from

English de-/dis- entarten (degenerate)
entbehren (miss, do without)
entdecken (discover)
entfallen (elude, slip)
entfernen (remove, take out)
entkalken (decalcify)
entkleiden (disrobe, undress)
entkommen (escape, get away)
entlassen (discharge, release)
entstehen (originate, be formed/created)
entwerten (devalue, cancel)
er- fatal, dead erhängen (hang, execute)
erschiessen (shoot dead)
ertrinken (drown) like English re- s. erinnern (remember)
erkennen (recognize)
erholen (recover, relax) ge- - - gebrauchen (use, make use of)
gedenken (commemorate, intend)
gefallen (like)
gehören (belong to)
gelangen (arrive at)
geloben (vow)
genesen (recover, recuperate)
gestalten (shape, form)
gestehen (confess)
gewähren (grant, give, offer)
miss- English mis- missachten (disregard, disdain)
missbrauchen (abuse, misuse)
misstrauen (mistrust)
missverstehen (misunderstand)
ver- bad, awry
English mis- verachten (despise)
verbilden (miseducate)
verderben (go bad, spoil)
s. verfahren (go astray, get lost)
verkommen (go to ruin, become run down)
verschlafen (oversleep) lose, away/out verdrängen (drive out)
verduften (lose its aroma)
verlassen (leave, abandon)
verlieren (lose) English for- verbieten (forbid)
vergeben (forgive)
vergessen (forget) ??? verbinden (bandage, link, tie)
vergrößern (enlarge)
verhaften (arrest)
versprechen (promise) voll-* full, complete vollenden (complete, finish)
vollführen (execute, perform)
vollstrecken (enforce, execute) *NOTE: Some verbal expressions with voll treat voll as an adverb rather than a prefix, and are spelled with the adverb voll separated from the verb, even in the infinitive form. Examples include: voll dröhnen (dope/tank up), voll essen (gorge oneself), voll machen (fill [up]). zer- collapse, shatter, shred zerbrechen (shatter)
zerreissen (rip up, shred)
zerstören (destroy)
NOTE: Inseparable-prefix verbs do not add the normal past participle prefix ge- in the perfect tenses. See the examples below.
From:http://www.dbfei.com/Article/deyu/201311/4882.html
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